Public Service Commission for the Union & the States – GK Notes PDF

The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) is a government organization responsible for the requirement of various central jobs across the country (India). The arrangement of various jobs, appointment, transfer promotion etc. are directly control by UPSC consulting with the government.

Public Service Commission (Union & States) – GK + Notes PDF: The first Public Service Commission (PSC) was set up on 1st October 1926. Articles 315-323 of Part XIV of the Constitution of India tell us the formation of a Central and State Public Service Commission. The Central Public Service Commission was constituted in 1926 and the State Public Service Commission in 1937.

There will be a Public Service Commission for the central govt. Also, there will be separate Public Service Commissions for each State and joint State Commissions for one or more States.

What is Public Service Commission (Union & States)?

The Public Service Commission (Union & States) is a constitutional body of the government of India to conduct various types of examinations in the country. Here is a list of examinations conducted by Public Service Commission (Union & States).

  • Civil Services Exam (UPSC, IAS)
  • Indian Forest Service Exam
  • Engineering Services Exams
  • Combined Defense Services Exam
  • National Defense Academy Exams
  • Naval Academy Exams
  • Combined Medical Services Exams
  • Railway Apprentice for special categories
  • Central Armed Police Forces (Assistant Commandant) Examination

The Joint State Commission is established with the approval of Parliament, but becomes effective after it is passed by the state legislature. The President appoints the Chairman of the Central and Joint Public Service Commission. The members of the State Public Service Commission are appointed by the Governor of the State concerned.

The number of members of the Commission and the conditions of service is organized by

  • the President in the case of the Central and Joint State Public Service Commissions and
  • the Governor in the case of the State Public Service Commission of State.

Appointment and Term of Office of Members [Public Service Commission (Union & States)]

The Chairman and members of the Public Service Commission are appointed by

  • the President in the case of the Central Public Service Commission and the Joint Commission of State.
  • the Governor in the case of the State Commission of State.

Half of the members of the Commission are officers of the Government of India or officers of the State Government with ten years of experience.

Term of office of the members [Public Service Commission (Union & States)]

The term of office of the members and president of the Public Service Commission is 6 years. But the members of the Central Public Service Commission are required to retire at the age of 65 years before the end of their term. In the case of State and Joint Public Service Officers, they are required to retire at the age of 62 years.

Reasons for members to leave before the deadline from the office of UPSC

(1) In case of voluntary resignation of any member, the members of the Central and Joint Commission of State may submit their resignation letter to the President. Also, the members of the State Public Service Commission may submit their resignation letter to the Governor.

(2) Dismissed by the President

(a) If the Chairman of the Commission or any other member of the Commission is declared bankrupt, or if he has taken a paid job elsewhere while he is a member of the Commission, or if he is deemed unfit to be a member due to a mental or physical infirmity, the president can remove him.

(b) Again, this dismissal may occur on the basis of an allegation of misconduct. In this case, the matter has to be sent to the Supreme Court for a recommendation on removal. The President can remove the accused if recommended by the Supreme Court. After receiving the report of the Supreme Court on the eve of the investigation against the accused member, the Governor may suspend the member for a period of time until the President issues an order.

Freedom of the Public Service Commission (Union & States)

The Constitution of India mentions the protection of the independence of the State Commission.

  1. A member cannot be removed without the procedure specified in the Constitution.
  2. Terms of service cannot be changed against the interests of any member after the appointment of the members in the Commission.
  3. Expenditure on salaries and allowances of the members of the Commission is treated as expenditure incurred by the Reserve Fund of India.
  4. The Chairman and members of the Commission may, after the expiration of their term, be members of the State Commission or President of the Central Commission of State, but may not take up government service in any corner.

Functions of Public Service Commission (Union & States)

The functions of this commission are discussed below

  1. State Commission is appointed to conduct Central and State govt Job Examinations.
  2. At the request of the Governor of the State and subject to the approval of the President, the Commission may act to meet any need in the State.
  3. Parliament may extend the functions of the Commission by enacting laws.
  4. The Central Commission submits an annual report to the President on their activities. The Commission of State submits their annual report to the Governor.
  5. Upon request of two or more States, the Commission may make arrangements for the selection of candidates for the States concerned.

Download Public Service Commission (Union & States) GK + Notes

A short notes and important point points regarding UPSC for various competitive examinations such as IAS, UPSC, WBCS, State PSC, Banking and others.



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About Author: SAM

Hi, I am SAM, State Added (WB) Lecturer in Physics at a College by profession, Part-time blogger by passion, and founder of gkanswer.in. Love to design websites, started blogging in 2013 and still learning.